As of January 2010, the A340 has not had a fatal incident, but there have been five hull-loss accidents:
20 January 1994 - Air France, an A340-211 (F-GNIA) was lost to fire during servicing at Charles de Gaulle Airport.
24 July 2001 - SriLankan Airlines, an A340-300 (4R-ADD) was blown up by Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam terrorists while on the ground at the Bandaranaike International Airport.
2 August 2005 - Air France Flight 358, all 297 passengers and 12 crew survived a crash and fire after their A340-300 (F-GLZQ) overshot runway 24L at Toronto Pearson International Airport during a landing in a thunderstorm. The aircraft slid into Etobicoke Creek and broke-up. Forty-three were injured, one seriously; some passengers jumped nearly 20 ft (6 m) to the ground.
9 November 2007 - An Iberia Airlines A340-600 (EC-JOH) was badly damaged after sliding off the runway at Ecuador’s Mariscal Sucre International Airport. The landing gear collapsed and two engines broke off. All 333 passengers and crew were evacuated via inflatable slides, and there were no serious injuries. The aircraft was scrapped.
15 November 2007 - An A340-600 (F-WWCJ) was damaged beyond repair during ground testing at Airbus facilities at Toulouse Blagnac International Airport. During an engine test prior to the airplane's planned delivery to Etihad Airways, the unchocked aircraft accelerated to 31 knots and collided with a sloped concrete (exhaust deflection) wall, raising the nose of the plane several meters. The cockpit section broke off and fell to the ground from a significant height, and the right wing, tail, and two left engines contacted the wall or ground. Nine people on board were injured, four of them seriously, and fire services were unable to stop one undamaged engine from running on accumulated fuel for almost seven hours. The aircraft was written off.
20 March 2009 - An A340-500 (A6-ERG) being used for Emirates Airline Flight 407 struck its tail multiple times during the takeoff roll from Melbourne Airport, when an incorrect flex temp was used, resulting in severe damage to the rear pressure bulkhead. The aircraft returned safely to the airport after dumping fuel and no serious injuries were reported among the 225 passengers. The aircraft was initially expected to be written off, but was instead flown back to Airbus Industries in Toulouse, France from Melbourne for major repairs, as Flight EK-7608. This special, unpressurized flight, lasting several days from 20 June 2009, was flown at 10,000 feet, with two en route stops at Perth and Dubai. The repair estimate is 80 million U.S. dollars.